20 Ancient Egyptian scarab beetle amulets. Amulets were magic charms worn by the Ancient Egyptians to ward off evil spirits, or for good luck. They were worn in life, but also wrapped into the bandages of mummies to protect them on their journey to heaven. Most represented gods or sacred animals. The blue and green ones are made of pottery, covered in a glassy glaze called faience. The brown ones are carved from stone. You can see Ancient Egyptian picture writing (hieroglyphics) on the bottom of the amulets.