This small, smooth, orange-red Samian ware bowl is a luxury import, made in Gaul (Roman France) and imported across the Channel. The bowl has been scratched with the name of its owner Alpinianus. Stamped on the bottom is the name of the potter IVNIANVS, who made the bowl in Lezoux, in central Gaul, between AD 100 and 150. Found during the excavation of Folkestone Roman Villa by Samuel Winbolt in 1924.
This fragment of Samian ware is part of a straight sided cylindrical vessel. The design is part of a hunting scene. A dog is running (on the left) chasing a larger animal, almost certainly a deer, now largely missing, although its rear end and back leg can be seen (centre top), either side of the join where the broken fragments have been stuck back together. A leaping buck, a young stag with its first stunted growth of antlers, is trying to escape (centre bottom). Part of a collection of 30 decorated Samian fragments listed under F0657. Found during the excavation of Folkestone Roman Villa by Samuel Winbolt in 1924.
Print of the Roman amphitheatre at Nimes in France, collected by Thomas Man Bridge while on his Continental Grand Tour in the 1830s. This forms part of the Master Collection at Folkestone Museum.
A strigil, a sharp-edged tool used to scrape the dirt and dead skin off bathers after they had come out of the caldarium or hot bath. This one is made from a sheep’s rib bone. It is one of two bone strigils discovered in the remains of the bath house at Folkestone Roman Villa. The writing scratched on it by Samuel Wimbolt, who excavated the site reads: Rib bone used as strigil found in apse: one also in bath. Found during the excavation of Folkestone Roman Villa by Samuel Winbolt in 1924.
Copy of Roman reliefs on the Arch of Constantine, Rome. On the left of the drawing is a depiction of a Roman boar hunt. Toga-clad Romans on horseback – the emperor Hadrian and his men – are attacking a wild boar. Can you see its rough skin, hooves and tusks? On the right of the drawing is depicted a Roman sacrifice to a deity. Two men in togas, representing the emperor Hadrian and a companion, stand on the left of an altar. A sacrifice is burning in front of a sculpture of the Roman god Apollo, recognisable by the lyre he holds. To the right of the altar a toga-clad man is holding a horse for Hadrian. On the bottom of the drawing is a pencil sketch of Roman figures, some of them standing and others seated. They are part of a relief sculpture from the time of Constantine. The two larger scenes are copies of Roman sculptural reliefs in the form of medallions from the time of the emperor Hadrian. The sketch along the bottom is from a long narrow frieze made in the time of Constantine. The frieze was installed below the two medallions on the Arch of Constantine in Rome. This arch reused many sculptures from the time of earlier emperors. It showed that Constantine was paying tribute to his predecessors but also made him their equal.
Copy of Trajanic frieze on the Arch of Constantine, Rome. This drawing depicts a battle, with cavalrymen and foot soldiers.The men in armour are Roman soldiers. They are wearing plumed helmets and body armour or ‘cuirasses’. The man on the left with a flying cloak but no helmet is thought to represent the emperor Trajan.The men without armour are Dacians – ‘barbarians’ from the area of central Europe now in Romania.The battle scene is a Roman sculpture from the time of Trajan. It is a relief sculpture from the Great Trajanic Frieze that was once in the Basilica Ulpia in Trajan’s Forum, Rome. During the time of the emperor Constantine, before the fall of the Roman Empire, this sculptural relief was removed from its original location and incorporated in a new Arch of Constantine. This arch reused many Roman sculptures from the time of earlier emperors.